Anadrol is an anabolic-androgenic steroid that is, and has been, used in a variety of medical and nonmedical scenarios.
As a prescription-only drug and anabolic steroid, it is not recommended nor condoned by the medical community at large for use in athletic performance enhancement, body building, or for weight loss.
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Despite the warnings and cautions associated with anabolic-androgenic use, bodybuilders often use Anadrol for its fast results.
As with other anabolic-androgenic steroids, use of Anadrol can decrease the body’s natural production of testosterone.
Endogenous (body- produced) production of testosterone may return to normal once the drug is discontinued.
But depending on length of use, may require medical treatments to boost a natural testosterone environment.
Anadrol, also known as Anadrol 50 (50 mg tablets) or by its generic name, oxymetholone, is rated as a Schedule III controlled substance due to its potential for misuse, overuse, and abuse. It is also banned by the World Anti-Doping agency.
Medically speaking, Anadrol (Anadrol 50) is most often recommended in treatment of individuals diagnosed with:
Anadrol, like other anabolic steroids, is a laboratory devised (synthetic) variation of the male hormone testosterone.
Nonmedical uses of Anadrol is common among bodybuilders and athletes wishing to use it to increase muscle mass, strength, stamina, as well as endurance.
These benefits are often among the positive Anadrol effects of its ability to increase protein synthesis, nitrogen retention in the muscles, and red blood cell production.
Some websites claim anywhere between 15 to 30 pounds of increased bulk in regard to muscle mass when taking Anadrol, but it should be noted that much of this weight gain is the result of water retention.
Because of the fast gains in regard to Anadrol effects, injuries among bodybuilders are common because connective tissues such as tendons and ligaments are not strong enough to support the increased muscle mass.
Anadrol, as a derivative of testosterone, is believed to enhance nitrogen balances, with a caveat: adequate protein and intake of calories is essential for efficacy. Nitrogen is found in amino acids. Amino acids provide the foundation of protein synthesis.
To date, scientific research has not determined whether this ability to improve nitrogen balances is due to dietary intake of protein rich foods or whether it is an effect of the synthetic anabolic steroid by itself.
In addition to its use to improve nitrogen balances in the muscles, Anadrol (oxymetholone) is known to increase production of red blood cells (erythropoiesis) in patients that have been diagnosed with a variety of anemias, most specifically those diagnosed with failure to produce adequate bone marrow, where red blood cells are manufactured.
While increased production of red blood cells is a goal of treatment with oxymetholone for individuals diagnosed with anemia, using it on an otherwise healthy body may increase red blood cells to dangerous levels resulting in polycythemia.
This condition (a type of blood cancer) can cause an overabundance of red and white blood cells as well as platelets that slow down blood flow and can potentially contribute to clots inside the blood vessels.
Because of the potential side effects dissociated with Anadrol, use of the drug has been extremely specific in medical scenarios since the 1970s, mainly for treatment of red blood cell production deficiencies.
Over the years and with the advancements of new, safer medications, Anadrol has gradually grown out of favor for such use, but has been used in the treatment of individuals diagnosed with HIV due to the commonality of anemic aspects of the disease.
It’s common practice for bodybuilders to downplay the scientific research and reports about Anadrol effects when used for nonmedical purposes, but studies are showing serious issues with even short-term anabolic-androgenic steroid use.
Oxymetholone, often combined with other drugs, can be beneficial medically for individuals diagnosed with a specific medical condition, but when used by relatively young, healthy individuals, such a drug can contribute to damaging effects.
A 2016 article published in the Journal of Laryngology & Otology reported hearing loss, polycythemia and infarct (blockage) of an artery in the cerebellum linked to anabolic steroids.
At the time, the man in the report was 32 years old and a regular anabolic steroid user.
Development of polycythemia and venal infarction (blockage) was also reported (2014) in the Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians.
The National Cancer Institute designates oxymetholone as a potential carcinogen.
Like other anabolic-androgenic steroids, Anadrol effects combine both positive and negative results. Take the time to research safety, efficacy, and risks of use.